Your hard drive is the heart of your computer, and it’s where all of your important data is saved. While most PC components can be changed, you won’t be able to replace the vital information on your hard drive if you haven’t made a backup. As a result, ensuring that your exhausting drive remains healthy is critical.

There are numerous ways to check on the health of your hard drive, ranging from built-in Windows options to diagnostic tools provided by your HDD manufacturers, and we walk you through the most effective options.

1. Verify the BIOS.

You should be able to run hard drive checks in the BIOS without any OS-based interference as long as you’re using a fairly recent motherboard.

Reboot your computer, and after it has turned off and on many times, click Delete, F2, F12, or whatever button the boot display indicates will take you to your BIOS.

The exact instructions will depend on the manufacturer of your motherboard once you’ve entered the BIOS. I can check the health of my NVMe SSDs on my MSI Mortar WiFi B550M by going to “Settings -> Advanced -> NVME self-test” in the BIOS.

While you’re in the BIOS, you can also check to see if the hard drive you want to test is being detected by your PC/motherboard.

On Dell and HP laptops, you should be able to check the health of the hard drive by going to the BIOS and looking for “Diagnostics.”

2. Defragment and optimise Windows 10

Traditional SATA hard drives have mostly given way to more faster solid-state drives, but they’re still very common and remain an economical option to retailer things like footage, movies, and other non-strenuous file types. SSDs work slightly differently, and while they don’t require defragmentation (due to the fact that fragmentation refers to the physical location of information on the drive, which isn’t an issue with SSDs), they do require optimization on sometimes.

Check Hard Drive Health Windows Optimize Defrag

If you notice that your non-SSD hard drive is slowing down, you should check to determine how fragmented it is. You can accomplish this by using the built-in defrag software in Windows 10 (type “defrag” into the Start menu, then select “Defragment and Optimize Drives,” then select the disc and click “Analyze”). If fragmentation is identified, choose that drive and click “Optimize” (formerly known as “Defrag”).

We noticed that the free program Defraggler does a better job of detecting and reducing fragmentation, but not everyone wants to install extra programes when the functionality is already built into the OS.

Although Windows 10 must be taking good care of the approach mechanically, you may optimise your SSD with the Windows 10 defrag and optimise programme.

3. Make use of the tools provided by the HDD manufacturer.

Most major exhausting drive manufacturers provide free powerful tools to monitor your exhausting drive’s health and efficiency. After all, identifying the make of your exhausting drive is the first step in determining which one to employ.


You can skip this section if you know what kind of car your grueling drive came from. If you don’t already have it, press the Win key, type “system supervisor,” and click when it appears in the search results.

Unstack the “Disk drives” option in Device Manager and make a note of the exhausted drive’s model variety. Next, enter the model number onto Google to get results that will reveal the exhausted drive’s manufacturer.


Then, go to the manufacturer’s support page and look for the hard drive utility. Here are some hyperlinks to linked get pages from a few of the largest arduous drive manufacturers to aid you:

Each of these tools differs differently in terms of capabilities, but most importantly, each provides diagnostic options that let you to assess your exhausting drive health.

4. Use the CHKDSK tool in Windows.

The Windows CHKDSK Tool is a built-in Windows programme that scans your disc for system problems and harmful sectors, as well as indicating if your depleting disc has any issues. It will scan and repair any issues that it can, as well as inform you if there is a larger problem that it can’t fix. You may use this software to check the health of your hard disc and, if necessary, fix risky sections and faults.

To use CHKDSK, right-click on the drive you want to check for faults, select “Properties,” select the “Tools” tab, and then select the “Check now” option.


A dialogue box will appear, offering two options for fixing problems and scanning for risky regions. You can select these options if you want to correct faults and risky sectors; otherwise, you can simply select “Start” to obtain a basic summary of exhausting disc faults (if there are any).

This software is probably quite basic, and it concentrates on detecting system problems and potentially harmful sectors. It will only inform you if there are any major faults and nothing else, so use it just as a fundamental hard disc testing and repair software.

5. Make use of WMIC

WMIC is a command-line interface that lets you to do a variety of administrative tasks, including evaluating the health of your hard disc. It makes use of the S.M.A.R.T (Self-Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology) feature of hard discs to check their status and provide a simple conclusion, such as “OK,” “Pred Fail,” and so on. It is still a very basic command that delivers little or no information but is quick and a Windows built-in feature.

To examine a tough disk with WMIC, press the Win + R buttons to open the Run dialog. Type cmd and click on “OK” to open the Windows command immediate.


6. Make use of a third-party hard disc health checker

You can also utilise third-party hard drive health checking software, which can reveal significantly more information than just a good or bad status. These instruments, like WMIC, rely on the “S.M.A.R.T” capability of hard discs to retrieve information. However, rather of merely presenting good or dangerous standing, they provide you with all the fine print.


CrystalDiskInfo is a simple but effective piece of software for this purpose. It is a free-to-use software that is quite light and provides all of the essential information, such as temperature, health standing, hard disc sort and options, and other attributes, such as learn/write error rate, spin-up time, and so on.

The standard programme is a 4 MB.exe file that includes advertisements, so make sure to select the “Custom Installer” option and deselect the side software (advert). All you have to do now is start the system, and you’ll see all of the information on your exhausting disk(s) in the main interface. The software may also check the condition of your hard disc every 10 minutes (by default) and alert you if something is wrong.


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